After the withdrawal of the Roman Legions in AD410, Buckingham, with its strategic position on the River Great Ouse became a true frontier town.
As the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex battled for dominance in the 7th and 8th centuries, Buckingham existed on the front line of centuries of bloody and violent Saxon conflict.
Later, in the 10th and 11th centuries, Viking and Danish settlers and raiders fought for control of the Ouse Valley and Buckingham changed hands many times during this period of great uncertainty and social change.
These people left many clues about life in Buckingham and our summer exhibition 'Silver & Slaughter' will provide a fascinating insight into this important period of Buckingham's rich history.
On a cold December afternoon in 2014, in a field less than a mile from Buckingham, a metal detectorist discovered a coin hoard of major national significance.
Comprising more than 5,000 silver coins, minted during the reigns of Saxon Kings Ethelred the Unready and Canute, the hoard was carefully concealed in a lead casket and buried.
The hoard is a vital component of Buckingham's Dark Age past and will be the showcase of the 'Silver and Slaughter' exhibition.
Come and see this unique discovery and learn about Buckingham's Saxon 'monier' - The man who hand made a number of these precious coins in the Royal Buckingham Mint.
Flora Thompson, the writer of the semi-autobiographical trilogy, 'Lark Rise to Candleford' is commemorated in the Buckingham Old Gaol.
An evocative tale of life as a child growing up in the Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire countryside in the late nineteenth century, 'Lark Rise to Candleford' is but one work of this celebrated author and poet.
The exhibition, which the Museum Development Service called, 'of national importance', was formally opened in 2007 to coincide with the sixtieth anniversary of her death. This is the only permanent, viewable exhibition of Flora Thompson memorabilia in the world, and comprises photographs, pamphlets, early and first edition books, letters written by Flora, and a number of personal items.